What Is QUAD?
The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or QUAD initiated from the tsunami taken place on the Indian Ocean in the year 2004. After which, Japan, Australia, India, and the USA jointly provided support to the nations affected and rooted the Tsunami Core Group to bring into line the collective efforts. Nevertheless, the cooperation among the four countries did not continue after the end of the help following the tsunami. Other experience of the Quad includes the Trilateral Strategic Dialogue rooted in support of the open, free and democratic Indian Region among Australia, Japan, and the United States in the year 2002. This cooperation has primarily been operating at ministerial level since the year 2005.
The concept of the Quad begins to be outlined in the year 2006 when the Prime Minister of Japan, Candidate Shinzo Abe published his plan on a foreign policy based on values, for example, democratic structure and constitutionality, under which he suggested closer relations among India, Japan, and Australia. In the year 2007 the United States also joined this concept, and in May in the same year, the first Quad Meeting was apprehended. In September 2007 a joint maritime drill was also performed in the Bengali Bay, with Singapore as the 5th participant.
Highlights of QUAD Conflicts
For maritime safety and free navigation in the Indo-Pacific region, the US is doing great exercise to increase military cooperation with the countries involved in QUAD including India. With the help of India, Australia, and Japan in the Indo-Pacific region, the United States is seriously working towards creating a shared mechanism for maritime security, prevention of terrorism, peaceful settlement of disputes and independent and free rule-based system.
The United States has forwarded the proposal to bring Quadrilateral cooperation within the ambit of the National Defense Authorization Act. America intends to have a shared regional infrastructure in this area. The four countries will work together to create military cooperation, shared practice, capacity in this field. Considering China’s growing interference in this area, the resolution of the US is being considered as very important.
It was believed that the quad would only work for civilian activities, diplomatic initiatives, and pressure. But America’s proposal could prove useful in the race of Burke in the region. Quad includes US, India, Australia, and Japan. Other countries are also trying to increase cooperation. Although India has often made it clear that participation in the Indo-Pacific region is not against China. India has been advocating for maritime security and rule-based systems. India’s cooperation from Asian countries is based on this thought.
The Current Situation Of The QUAD
Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed his intention to work closely with China in Raisina Dialogue. China also welcomed it, but diplomatic analysts say that quadrangular cooperation is a message to China. America’s proposal could further increase China’s concerns.
Erudite believe that India’s cooperation with America, Japan, and Australia may not be directly focused on China, but efforts to increase military participation in this area can indeed prove to be a significant strategic step. In India, diplomatic circles have concluded that there is a need to expand on the Navy’s common platform more than the army.
Sources said that seeing the kind of changes happening in the world, India is emerging as a dominant center in Asia. China is trying to increase its roots in India’s dominated areas. At the same time, India is also engaged in power generation with allies. QUAD is considered to be a huge platform for this.